The Shilstone Memorial Library has a rich collection of over 6,000 books, journals and pamphlets, covering subject areas such as Caribbean and Barbadian history, archaeology, pre-history, natural and social history, some American, European and African history, as well as furniture, antiques, silver, art, architecture and craft. Included in its collection are:
- The Journal of the Barbados Museum & Historical Society (which was first published in 1933).
- The Bajan Magazine – 1953-1992 with a card index, the only one in existence.
- Newspaper clippings (over 375 categories, among these being Amerindians of Barbados, the Caribbean and Guyana; Bridgetown, Churches, Jews in Barbados, Military History, Museums, Plantation Ownership, Quakers and Slavery. In addition, the library has articles on various aspects of Barbadian history by Edward Stoute and Warren Alleyne.
- The Laws of Barbados – including:
- Various directories, Almanacks and Yearbooks, such as The Barbados Directory 1878, 1898, 1899, 1903, 1905-1906 and 1908.
- Reference material including encyclopaedias, handbooks, genealogies and biographical dictionaries, for example the Dictionary of National Biography. Guides, such as A Guide to Source Materials by Jerome Handler (1971 and Supplement 1991), as well as A Guide to Records in Barbados by Michael Chandler, 1965.
- Government documents – incomplete sets of the Official Gazettes from 1867-1924, as well as several incomplete sets of Legislative Debates (Debates of the Legislative Council 1914-1915 to 1931-1932). Minutes of Council and Assembly, 1836-1929.
- Manuscript material: